There are traces of forestry and agricultural activity in Nittedal which have been found to be 4000 years old. These ancient sites have been found by Slattum, Hauger, Gaustad, Strøm, Kirkeby and Døli. Agriculture is still important in these areas. 43 of Nittedal’s 186 km2 are still used for agricultural purposes, while 129km2 are forested areas.
Nittedal is one of the 22 districts of the County of Akershus. The neighbouring districts are Lunner, Nannestad, Gjerdrum, Skedsmo and Oslo, which is the capital city of Norway.
The southern part of Nittedal is dominated by industry. These are primarily environmentally friendly industries. During the last few years, several large companies have established themselves in “Skytta Næringspark”. The largest private company in Nittedal is Ringnes Brewery at Gjelleråsen, with over 1000 employees.
The first “industry” in Nittedal was the Hakadal works. There were sawmills and ironworks located there from the second half of the 16th century. The Nittedal Match factory (Nitedal tændstikkefabrikk) was run from Markerud gård between 1863 and 1896.
The production has now been moved out of the country, but the matchboxes still carry the name “Nitedals”.
At “Nitedalens Krudtværk” (the Nittedal gunpowder works) many terrible accidents occurred during production. The risky business started in 1883 and the last cartridges of the gunpowder works were packed and boxed in 1978.
You can still find remains of the industry along “Ørefiskebekken”, above Mo Shopping Centre (Mo-senteret). Over the next few years, the grounds around the old gunpowder works will be developed into residential areas.
The founding of the Gjøvik railway line in 1902 improved communication and transport to and from Nittedal and formed the basis for an increased population around the local stations. NSB (the Norwegian Railway Services) have arrivals and departures from 4 of the local stations in Nittedal today: Åneby, Varingskollen, Hakadal and Nittedal.
In addition to the railway line, the National road, number 4, runs through the district. It is signed from Sinsen, in Oslo to “Mjøsbrua” (Mjøsa bridge) in the County of Hedmark. The new population was not tied to trades within Nittedal to the same extent as before. Today most of the population are employed beyond Nittedal’s boundaries.
The District of Nittedal owns and runs all of the seven primary and the three secondary schools. There is also a High school, Bjertnes videregående skole, which is run by the County of Akershus. Most of the nursery schools in Nittedal are run privately. There are 21 nursery schools in Nittedal, of which Nittedal District owns 5.
In the village museum at “Mølleparken” by Rotnes, you can find exhibits from the gunpowder works and other interesting artifacts from Nittedal’s history, amongst others a historical ski exhibition. Several ski factories have been located in Nittedal, of which “Blåskia” is probably the most famous.
The District of Nittedal offers a wide range of outdoor activities. With Nordmarka to the West and Romerriksåsen to the East, there are plenty of opportunities for hiking, fishing and swimming. The river that runs through the middle of the valley, Nitelva, is a popular place for paddling and fishing. (Read more about Nitelva)
In this district there are now two excellent 18 hole golf-courses, Hauger Golf Course, which is south east in the valley, and Aas gård Golf Park, which is in Hakadal.
Varingskollen Alpine Centre, in Hakadal, offers fantastic skiing opportunities, with slopes that suit both the beginner and the more experienced skier.
There is a wide variation of sports and culture in Nittedal, and a number of world champions, in both skiing (Odd and Bente Martinsen) and orienteering (Hanne Staff), come from here.